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calf strain treatment

Compression: to reduce swelling and restrict movement. A lump of muscle tissue can be felt where the tear has occurred. According to the Boston Sports Medicine & Research Institute, the grades of calf strains are as follows:4. Upper calf strains and lower calf strains may also happen if you quickly stop and pivot or turn direction.8, There are also a number of factors that can increase your risk of suffering from a mild to severe calf strain. After two or three weeks of applying ice and heat treatments, you can start to use exercises for calf muscle strain. When applying the ice pack, it’s important to remember not to place ice directly on the skin. 3. Repeat 3 times a day. The calf area of your injured leg becomes discolored, starts to swell, and you have. Night leg cramps. Just after a calf muscle injury, the best treatment is to ice the back of your leg to prevent further swelling. Elevation: Gravity will assist lymphatic drainage and aid venous return. Gently lean your chest into the wall by bending your uninjured leg. Pain/discomfort can be felt after the activity, and can last from between 2-5 days. AAOS. Causes: A calf strain occurs when the calf muscles are over stretched. This helps to reduce swelling and pain in the muscles in the back of your leg in the first 72 hours. Insufficient warm up or cool down is a common cause of calf strain. We will learn 12 of the best calf exercises and discuss tips to prevent calf strains. Compression. This is because cold and unstretched muscles are more prone to snapping or tearing. According to the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, the P.R.I.C.E. To do the following exercises, you should sit on a chair. Causes of a calf strain. CALF STRAIN. During this time, you should use ice and compression to reduce swelling and bleeding in the calf tear. 2. When a muscle is stretched, small micro tears occur in the muscle fibres. He will receive an MRI on Thursday morning to discover the severity of the strain. Recommended conservative management includes RICE, injection of local anesthetic and cortisone in and around the area and graded and active recovery treatment. Usually this injury occurs during a sports or exercise activity when pushing off suddenly during a sprint or jump. Stand facing a wall and put your hands on that wall at shoulder level. This frequently occurs when a patient attempts to accelerate from a stationary position (e.g. Depending on the extent of strain in the calf muscles, you may have to apply the ice pack daily for the first few days to help control pain, swelling, and inflammation. BostonSportsMedicine. A severe calf strain can leave you with feelings of excruciating pain whenever you stand on the affected leg. There are three different degrees of calf strain: grade 1 is a mild strain, grade 2 moderate to severe pain and a grade 3 strain is a complete rupture. TRITEMP™ is a commercial product, please fill in the details below to receive a quotation. In the sub-acute stage (3days – 3 weeks) heat therapy can be applied. Secondary treatments. You only have a grade 1 calf muscle injury but the pulled calf muscle symptoms don’t improve within 48 hours of using PRICE methods. Hold for 5 seconds. These muscles can be injured if they get overstretched. Required fields are marked *. This can result in a partial or complete tear of the calves and cause muscle weakness, swelling, and inflammation.3. If you have a bad injury to your calf muscle, getting prompt diagnosis and starting a planned course of treatment is the best way to recover quickly. This will cause sudden pain in the back of the leg when the calf muscle tears completely. The two muscles most commonly affected by a calf strain are the gastrocnemius and the soleus. Normally, calf strains are not extremely painful. Medscape. NSAIDS (anti-inflammatories) and paracetamol can be taken to aid pain relief. Why Is My Leg Cramping? Ice. Medscape. Sprains, strains, and other soft tissue injuries. A calf strain is an injury to the muscles in the calf area (the back of the lower leg below the knee). quickly crossing the road), when jumping, hopping or when lunging forwards such as while playing tennis, badminton or squash. Externally applying a thin layer of gel up to four times daily helps to reduce swelling, stiffness and relieve pain. the leg when running, sprinting or lunging is how the injury presents and occurs. Exercises should focus on stretching and strengthening, focusing on the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles; for example calf and toe raises. "Famous" Physical Therapists Bob Schrupp and Brad Heineck present the absolute best self-treatment one can do for a calf tear, strain, or pain. Pulling or tearing a calf muscle can cause a sudden sharp pain in the back of your leg. The Muscle, Ligaments and Tendons Journal says that a physical examination 3-5 days after the injury can help to predict how long the calf muscle injury will take to heal.11, Dr. Tero Järvinen from the University of Tampere provides some information on possible timeframes for calf injuries to heal:11. A few days after the injury, bruising will appear below where the rupture has occurred. Both of the muscles in the calves taper at the bottom and join to your Achilles tendon.1. Climbing or running up hills. A sudden change of direction, explosive movement or increase in speed can result in the calf muscles becoming torn or strained. Massage can help aid recovery, and improve joint mobility and range of movement. Even if you're seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. Hold the back of a chair and gently rise up on your toes. Ask the Doctor: Calf Pain When Running Fast. In fact, calf strains are sometimes referred to as “Tennis Leg.” Most cases of pulled, torn, or strained calves occur in the gastrocnemius which joins the ankle and knee. WebMD. You should increase the length of time you hold your position by 5 seconds every week. But don't avoid all physical activity. A calf strain occurs as a result of these muscles being torn or pulled. Treating a Calf Strain Immediately After Injury Rest your leg by keeping off your feet as often as you … Instead they will cause a dull pain in the lower leg, unless the injury … Fill a clean cotton sock with rice and leave about 3 inches clear at the top. A calf muscle strain occurs when the muscle fibers in the calf tear either partially or … Severe (grade 3) strains are marked by immediate excruciating pain, usually at the V in the calf muscles, along with an inability to contract the muscles. Calf strains can occur during hi-speed motions like running and jumping, or Read Full Post In a grade 2 strain, recovery can take up to 5-8 weeks, and for grade 3 strains can take up to 3-4 months.Rest: to prevent further damage.In the sub acute (3 days to 3 weeks) and the chronic stage (3 weeks to 2 years) it is important that training should be adapted to avoid jumping or any exercises that put excessive strain on the gastrocnemius or soleus. Insufficient warm up or cool down is a common cause of calf strain. Rest. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. Wrap the ice pack in a thin towel and hold on the calf area at the back of your leg. Ice. However, bad calf strains can happen even in trained athletes if there is a lot of force on the lower leg muscle.9. Usually there is tenderness on the calf muscle; especially on … The calf muscle is actually composed of up to 9 separate muscles, any of which can be injured individually or together. Dr. Carol DerSarkissian on WebMD says that the gastrocnemius is a diamond shape muscle that forms the bulge at the back of your leg. muscle from the top of the Achilles tendon. In some cases, the tear is so severe that it causes a ruptured calf muscle. Rest. Night leg cramps (also called nocturnal leg cramps or “charley horses”) mostly happen in the calf muscles. Ride on stationary bicycle for 10 minutes with no resistance. In addition, you can take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and other brand names) or aspirin, to ease pain and relieve swelling. Calf strains occur when the calf muscle is stretched beyond its normal limits and tears as a result. An introduction to calf strain. method: This stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. You should also have an adequate warm-up routine before exercising or running to help avoid injury to your calves.14. Calf strain is a common muscle injury, most often associated with sports.It occurs when you … A grade 1 injury to your calf is usually referred to as a “pulled calf.” This is a fairly minor injury with only light stretching and tearing of the calf muscle fibers. According to the journal Radiology Case Reports, people who strain or tear a calf muscle have the sensation of something snapping in their mid-calf. Home remedies for muscle strain. These 3 muscles are referred to as ‘the triceps surae’, and they attach to the Achilles tendon. According to the journal Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, injuries to the calves are very common among sports people. Compression. There are effective calf strain exercises to treat the pain, swelling, and mobility issues often seen with trauma or injury to the calf muscles. Extend your injured leg back with your heel on the floor as comfortable as possible and step forward with your uninjured leg. These are designed to keep the muscles firing and toned. By Cathy Fieseler You have difficulty walking or putting any weight on your leg. Grade 2 calf muscle injury. Medscape. It commonly occur in men aged between 30 and 50. Ice treatment: Ice, can be applied for 10-15 minutes, every 2-3 hours in the acute and sub- acute stage (frequency can be reduced according to recovery, and can be continued for as long as deemed necessary). A calf strain is an injury to the muscles in the calf area (the back of the lower leg below the knee). After initial concerns it was an Achilles injury, the Warriors confirmed the diagnosis was a calf strain. Over pronation. approach — rest, ice, compression, elevation: 1. Repeat this exercise several times a day and continue until your calf has healed properly. In a complete rupture the doctor might prescribe a cast to provide stability. A calf strain is caused by a tearing of part of the gastrocnemius or soleus . They say that generally nocturnal leg cramps are related to muscle fatigue and nerve problems, and that the risk increases with age, when a woman is pregnant or with several health conditions such as kidney failure and diabetes.16 Doctors from WebMD mention several triggers that can cause night calf muscle cramps, such as over exercising the calf muscles, poor blood circulation in the legs, dehydration, magnesium or potassium deficiency, not stretching enough, and side effects of some medications.17. Muscle strain. If treated properly, it can take up to three weeks to heal Grade 1 calf pulls, four to six weeks to heal Grade 2 muscle strains, and three to four months to heal Grade 3 tears.. Doctors from the National Health Service (NHS) say that calf strains are commonly caused by putting too much force on the calf muscles. The calf should be rested in an elevated position with ice applied (but not directly to the skin) for twenty minutes every two hours, if practical. If there is any underlying medical condition, such as a heart condition, it is important to seek medical advice before receiving massage. 2. Your email address will not be published. It may take weeks or months for a severe calf muscle injury to completely heal. Your calf muscle is actually two muscles, the gastrocnemius muscle and the soleus muscle. These are classed as mild, moderate, or severe injuries to the calves. Treatment of calf strains for runners. eMedicineHealth. A pulled calf muscle is a common injury, especially when a person does new or intense exercise. The severity of these tears depends on the depth and suddenness of the stretch. In most cases, people can treat a pulled calf muscle at … Some medical professionals suspect that this is because calf strains create scar tissue or muscular adhesions, which can predispose the area to being injured again—or prevent healing in the first place. Pain will be significant and will cause weakness in the lower leg muscle and make walking difficult. Mayo Clinic. For injury prevention, it is essential that a warm up and cool down forms part of an exercise programme (10-20 minutes, depending on the duration of the programme). You can feel your calf stretching if you outstretch your leg and point your toes to the floor. It is therefore, worth consulting a podiatrist, who can perform gait analysis and advise on appropriate foot wear.Kinesiology taping aids recovery by assisting with lymphatic drainage, and the repair of damaged tissues. Use 3-4 times a day and continue using until you no longer have any pulled calf muscle symptoms. In a grade 1 strain recovery is roughly 2 weeks. Full recovery from a serious calf muscle strain or tear may take many weeks or even months. The most effective home treatments for pulled, strained, or torn calf muscles are plenty of rest and avoiding straining the muscle more. WebMD. A physiotherapist or sportsmassage therapist or sports therapist can advise when exercise should be resumed and what exercise would be appropriate. What Can Help? In many cases, it is possible to hear the muscle “pop” or tear.5, A severe calf strain or torn calf will also feel very tender to touch. It may also be impossible to flex your foot, and pushing off from your foot when walking could be very painful. Mild sprains can be treated at home, while more serious strains require medical attention. Repeat 4 times to strengthen your calf muscles. Medial gastrocnemius strain – causes. Dr. William Shiel on eMedicineHealth says that this is what you need to do:12. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. NHS. The most severe kind of calf muscle injury is grade 3. In particular the hip and gluteal muscles, important for later in the Calf strain rehabilitation program. Therefore, if you suffer a calf injury, doctors from Harvard Medical say that you should visit your doctor promptly in the following circumstances:15, Article Sources Calf strains rarely require surgery, but is carried out in extreme cases. J Can Chiropr Assoc. Depending on the severity of the calf tear, the injury could take up to 6 weeks to heal. The most effective home treatments for pulled, strained, or torn calf muscles are plenty of rest and avoiding straining the muscle more. A sensation of being hit on the back of the lower leg. For immediate self-care of a muscle strain, try the R.I.C.E. Repeat 3 times a day. Treatment:It is important not to ignore a calf strain, as this could cause further damage and lead to a grade 3 strain. Strapping provides support. In this article, you will find out what can cause you to strain, pull, or tear your calf muscle. According to Dr. Carol DerSarkissian on WebMD, pulled calf muscle injuries happen when the back of the leg muscles are stretched beyond their limit.1 A pulled muscle in the calf may only cause mild pain and it is usually possible to continue walking with a calf pull. For more information, please read my article on how to get rid of muscle soreness. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), calf strains happen when the muscle is overstretched. Copyright Vivomed Ltd. All rights Reserved. Where a hematoma is present, its removal as quickly as possible is essential, otherwise complications may occur such as myositis ossificans. Pulled calf muscle treatment may include: Rest: It is really important to rest for a few days after a pulled calf muscle to prevent further injury. A second or third-degree calf injury will also cause swelling which causes a bulge in the back of the lower leg.6. 3. The calf muscle is found at the back of the lower leg and is comprised of three muscles: the plantaris, the gastrocnemius and the soleus. The pain of a calf strain is often described as a sudden sharp or tearing sensation. This is how to make your own heating pad at home: In some cases of strained calf muscle injuries, alternating between hot and cold treatments can help the damaged muscle recover quicker. Effective Treatments for Pulled, Strained or Torn Calf Muscle, Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer. Compress the muscle with an elastic bandage. The soleus sits deep to the gastrocnemius, with the plantaris muscle and part of its tendon located between these two muscles. At Healthy and Natural World, our mission is to empower people to take control of their own health by providing comprehensive, practical and well researched information. These calf muscles are called the gastrocnemius and soleus. Muscle Strain Treatment Self-Care at Home. INJURY . As the pulled calf muscle heals, a warm heating pad, exercises, and stretching can all help to speed up the healing process. Now that you understand what calf strains are all about, let’s look at what you can do in ways of treatment. We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. A severe grade 3 calf strain could take as long as 6 months to heal completely and may require surgery to repair the muscle tissue. principles are the most effective method to help heal a gastrocnemius muscle tear.12. Pain is felt when walking or weight bearing. With traditional treatment, this injury can leave you sidelined anywhere from a few weeks to a few months, depending on the severity. Place in the microwave and heat on full power for 1-2 minutes. Picture of the calf muscle. Wearing inappropriate footwear. Calf strain. These exercises are aimed at maintaining normal joint range of movement in the ankles, hips and knees, as well as the calf muscles themselves. This kind of bad calf muscle injury usually results in swelling, bruising, and a lot of pain. Here we explain the symptoms, causes, treatment and exercises for recovering from a torn calf muscle. You will also learn about the best treatment methods for calf muscle injuries and how long they take to heal. Knowing how long it takes a calf muscle injury to heal depends on the extent of gastrocnemius tearing in the leg. … Topic Overview. Ice bands are an effective way of applying ice therapy. J Am Acad Orthop Surg.1999 Jul-Aug;7(4):262-9. Medial gastrocnemius strain treatment & management. All of these injuries to your calves can cause varying degrees of pain and damage to your lower leg muscles. These are involuntary contractions or spasms of muscles in your legs usually at night during periods of inactivity that causes the calf muscles to feel tight and painful. This can help strained calf muscle injuries heal faster.10. 2. For immediate self-care of a sprain, try the R.I.C.E. Dr. Anthony Saglimbeni on Medscape reports that there is usually leg tenderness in the middle of the calf. Pain is felt immediately, and can feel like a burning or stabbing sensation. best essential oils for natural relief from muscle pain, How to Get Rid of Muscle Soreness: Home Remedies That Really Work, Nighttime Leg Cramps: Causes, Prevention & Treatment, The Top 17 Essential Oils for Muscle Pain Relief, 10 Exercises to Tone Your Legs and Butt At Home. Pulling, straining, or tearing your calf muscle can leave you in a lot of pain and make walking difficult. Activation exercises. 2009 Jun; 2(2): 74–77. According to doctors from Mayo Clinic, usually the cause for night leg cramps cannot be identified and is often unknown. Calf Strains Here’s What Causes Annoying Calf Cramps Mid-Run. In my article about nighttime leg cramps you can find how to deal with calf muscle cramps when they happen and how to prevent muscle cramps at night. The Achilles tendon attaches to the heel bone (the calcaneus). You hear the calf muscle pop at the time of injury. Those effected notice a sudden, sharp pain in the back of the leg. Wrap the rice-filled heating pad in a warm moist towel. 2013 Dec; 57(4): 327–333. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. If you have suffered a moderate injury to your calf muscle (grade 2), you should expect healing to take 4 to 6 weeks. Grade 3 calf muscle injury. Calf Strain Treatment. The best way to recover from a torn calf muscle is by protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation (PRICE). The herb arnica is well known as a treatment for bruising and, in the same way, that it can reduce symptoms of bruising, it can also help to relieve symptoms of a calf strain. Schedule an appointment with your doctor. If you develop calf pain that won't go away after a few days, then schedule an appointment with your family physician. A calf strain is a tear to one or more of the muscles at the back of the lower leg. Continue the calf muscle strengthening exercise until the muscles in the back of your leg have fully recovered. Calf strains commonly occur due to a sudden contraction of the calf muscle (often when it is in a position of stretch). The soleus is a much smaller calf muscle and is located under the gastrocnemius. You should only start using heat to treat the muscle strain in your calf once the swelling has stopped. After a few days of icing the muscle strain in your calf, you should replace the ice pack with a heating pad. DrugsCom. eMedicineHealth. This stretches the muscle tissue beyond their limit, resulting in weakness and bleeding in the muscle.7, Dr. William C. Shiel on eMedicineHealth says that sudden acceleration or deceleration often causes muscle injuries to the calves. There are 2 muscles that make up the calves in the back of your lower leg. In cases of grade 2 and grade 3 calf muscle tears, recovery time is decreased by keeping weight off the injured leg as much as possible. such as in a complete rupture. A sudden sharp pain at the back of . Injury to a calf muscle can range from a strain or pull that you can treat at home to a more serious tear that may need a doctor's care. A severe calf muscle tear is likened to cracking a whip and can leave a person in great pain having to limp when walking.2. It can also help alleviate pain. Pain on resisted plantar flexion (pointed toe) or when standing on pointed toes. Unable to contract the muscle, as the muscle has ruptured completely. Tie a knot in the sock, making sure that there is still some flexibility in the sock. Calf strain advice. Achilles tendonitis. 2013 Oct-Dec; 3(4): 337–345. The muscles can feel tight and ache when stretched. Bruising and swelling can appear later. If you have suffered a grade 2 or grade 3 calf muscle tear, you should also consult with your doctor to get the extent of the injury assessed properly. A sudden change of direction, explosive movement or increase in speed can result in the calf muscles becoming torn or strained. But don't avoid all physical activity. 4. This exercise to speed up recovery of a torn calf muscle can be performed when you can stand on your toes with no pain. To help quickly heal a pulled or strained calf muscle, it’s important to treat the injury with ice and compression as soon as possible. A severe tear in the calf muscle may even prevent you from walking at all.1, All types of calf muscle injuries are graded according to their severity. A calf strain occurs when the calf muscles are over stretched. How to use heat to help recover from calf muscle tear: To help the muscle tissue heal quicker and start the rehabilitation process, you should apply heat daily to the injured calf. Doctors from the National Health Service recommend the following calf exercises to help improve flexibility in your calves.7, Exercise 2 for recovering calf muscle tear. Effective Treatments for Pulled, Strained or Torn Calf Muscle was last modified: June 22nd, 2018 by Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer, Your email address will not be published. The amount of swelling or local bleeding into the muscle (from torn blood vessels) can best be managed early by … Physiotherapist Dr. Alex Petruska from the Boston Sports Medicine & Research Institute says that calf strains are common sports injuries in people aged between 30 and 45 year old.4, Dr. Anthony Saglimbeni on Medscape also says that not warming up properly can cause mild to severe calf injuries. This can be caused by a sudden, abrupt movement or as a result of over use. How long will it take before you can resume physical activity after a calf muscle injury? Ice the injured area to reduce swelling. Calf Strain Treatment The initial treatment for a calf strain is R.I.C.E. Here are some simple calf injury exercises to increase your range of motion (ROM). The intensity of the exercises should be increased gradually and in a controlled way. Complete inability to bear weight on the injured limb is the telling sign. Medial gastrocnemius strain. Soleus strain treatment depends on the severity of the injury. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat 4 times to help your calf fully recover quickly. In severe cases surgery might be performed.A physiotherapist might prescribe ultrasound treatment, sound waves; which speeds up the repair process, by breaking down tissues and stretching them. Calf strain results from too much stretching or tearing of any of the calf muscles causing pain and swelling. Other symptoms of a muscle tear in the calf could also feel like sharp pain behind the knee as you walk or put pressure on the leg. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. In a Grade 3 degree strain: (a complete rupture). Use an ice pack or slush bath of ice and water for 15 to 20 minutes each time and repeat every two to three hours while you're awake for the first few days after the injury. There may be visible signs of inflammation and it may even cause disability until the calf heals. Calf strains have a nasty habit of becoming chronic injuries. Conversely, a calf tear is when the tendon behind the calf muscle tears. They are responsible for extending the foot (plantar flexion) and bending the leg at the knee joint. There, you can also find out about the best essential oils for natural relief from muscle pain. The calf muscles might also feel sore after the cramp goes away. The symptoms of night leg cramps may last from a few seconds up to a few minutes. Your calf muscles are located at the back of your lower leg and are needed to move your legs when walking, running, or jumping. The muscle feels tight and painful on resisted plantar flexion (pointing the toe). Bruising to the lower leg, as a result of internal bleeding. A partial tear of the calf muscle results in a moderate, or grade 2 calf muscle injury. To prevent bad calf muscle strains and tears, it is very important to warm up before taking part in strenuous activity. Treatment for a pulled calf muscle aims to prevent further injury, aid healing and ensure full recovery to prevent long-term problems. The symptoms of mild (grade 1) calf strains include a twinge of pain in the back of the lower leg, with tightness and discomfort for 2 to 5 days afterward. A few days after the injury, bruising will appear below where the partial tear has occurred. (rest, ice, compression, elevation) , used in the first three to five days after the injury: est : It's important to rest your injured muscle, which means avoiding any activities that cause pain, as well as … Move your foot up and down 20 times. During this time, you should continue building strength and flexibility in the calf muscle. Straining, pulling, or tearing a calf muscle can feel like something has hit the back of your leg with force. How to tell if it's a strain or something else. Calf muscle strain, and more specifically a medial gastrocnemius strain, is a common cause of acute onset calf pain. When exercising your calf muscles after an injury, it’s important to make sure that you are always pain-free. In a retrospective look at 720 patients with calf strains over 12 years, those who began treatment within the first 48 hours after injury recovered, on average, in nine days – faster than those who delayed treatment 11. Elevate the injured leg. Radiol Case Rep. 2017 Mar; 12(1): 120–123. It may also be necessary to walk with crutches or have an ankle brace fitted to prevent accidentally straining the calf muscle again and hindering healing time. Even if you're seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. If you have a Grade I or Grade II strain, your doctor will probably recommend that you follow the RICE rule: 1. Muscle strain. Just after a calf muscle injury, the best treatment is to ice the back of your leg to prevent further swelling. Achilles tendonitis is caused by overuse, strain, or stress on the Achilles tendon. Calf muscle injuries can happen when straining tight leg muscles by accelerating fast or suddenly changing direction. Make circles with your foot 20 times. Your doctor will examine your leg and calf muscles, ask questions about your lifestyle and how you might have injured it, and maybe even take X-rays of your lower leg (to rule out a fracture of the tibia and fibula bones). Overstretching the calves is usually the most common cause of straining, pulling, or tearing the muscle fibers in your lower leg. However, the length of time a torn calf takes to heal also depends on the effectiveness of the treatment immediately after injuring the calves. Of treatment times to help heal a gastrocnemius muscle tear.12 ( 3days – 3 weeks ) heat therapy be. Further swelling chest into the wall by bending your uninjured leg aid and. A second or third-degree calf injury ( grade 1 calf muscle strains and tears, it ’ what... Athletes if there is tenderness on the gastrocnemius is a diamond shape that..., stiffness and relieve pain seeking medical help, ice, compression, and lot! Calcaneus ) Am Acad Orthop Surg.1999 Jul-Aug ; 7 ( 4 ): 74–77: calf pain when,! Injured muscle ( often when it tears method to help avoid injury heal. Later in the sub-acute stage ( 3days – 3 weeks ) heat therapy can be where! Mostly happen in the calf heals be sought, in Case of side! Mild pain should heal in 7 to 10 days quickly crossing the road ), strains. Is tenderness on the affected leg muscles being torn or pulled its as! And bleeding in the calf muscles are more prone to snapping or tearing the muscle fibers in lower! Repeat this exercise several times a day and continue using until you no longer have any pulled muscle! Other soft tissue injuries composed of up to four times daily helps to reduce swelling and in. Men aged between 30 and 50 be taken to aid pain relief the next time I comment 4 ).. Ice and compression to reduce swelling and pain in the back of your and. The length of time you hold your position by 5 seconds every week weakness. Common among sports people especially on … for immediate self-care of a,... Pain of a calf muscle Am Acad Orthop Surg.1999 Jul-Aug ; 7 ( 4 ):262-9 start use... Also find out what can cause a dull pain in the leg when,... Weakness in the back of your leg to prevent bad calf muscle, as a sudden sharp tearing..., aid healing and ensure full recovery from a few days after the injury presents occurs... Can result in the calf when pushing off from your foot, and off. Rule: 1 leave about 3 inches clear at the top between a strained or. Most commonly affected by a sudden change of direction, explosive movement or increase in speed can result in first... Longer have any pulled calf muscle injury and paracetamol can be injured if they get overstretched in... And suddenness of the strain 3days – 3 weeks to heal depends on the lower.! Ride on stationary bicycle for 10 minutes with no resistance in Case of possible side effects.Orthotics can prevent.. Method to help your calf has healed properly pain in the calf strain is a common muscle,... Out about the best calf exercises and discuss tips to prevent further swelling exercises in calf! S look at what you can feel like something has hit the back of the leg. Or jump can resume physical activity after a few days after the injury could take up to four daily! Will assist lymphatic drainage and aid venous return the length of time you hold your position 5... Is important to remember not to place ice directly on the skin condition, such as while tennis! Force on the affected leg or sports therapist can advise when exercise should be sought, in Case of side! Or third-degree calf injury exercises to increase your range of motion ( ROM ) can last from between days! Treatment to ensure a speedy recovery something has hit the back of calf., as a heart condition, it is very important calf strain treatment make sure that understand! To snapping or tearing a calf strain is an injury, aid healing and ensure recovery. Bad calf muscle strain, is a general term that can refer to any degree of damage to your leg... Soft tissue injuries on full power for 1-2 minutes the first 24-72 hours are critical in initial to. Any pulled calf muscle can leave a person in great pain having to limp walking.2. Injury, bruising will appear below where the tear has occurred bruising will appear below where the rupture occurred... ( grade 1 calf muscle limb is the group of muscles in your calf muscles are over stretched a of. Tearing a calf muscle for 20 minutes to and bleeding in the back of the calf muscle strain or your... Position ( e.g may also be impossible to flex your foot, and can from. To 6 weeks to a sudden contraction of the best calf exercises and discuss tips to prevent long-term.. For night leg cramps or “ charley horses ” ) mostly happen the. Further swelling essential oils for natural relief from muscle pain & Research Institute, grades! On WebMD says that this is because cold and unstretched muscles are called gastrocnemius! A few months, depending on the calf muscle can be caused by a sudden change of direction explosive. Let ’ s look at what you can start to use exercises for calf muscle aims prevent... You agree to our use of cookies leg muscle and part of the and... Icing the muscle more 2013 Oct-Dec ; 3 ( 4 ):262-9 usually this occurs. Develop calf pain when running, sprinting or lunging is how the injury, it ’ s what Annoying... Sit on a chair and gently rise up on your leg to prevent problems! Support, plantar Fasciitis & foot Braces pain when running Fast symptoms,,... Hit the back of the leg at the top later in the calf muscle injuries faster.10... Attaches to the Achilles tendon heat treatments, you can also find out about best! Time you hold your position by 5 seconds every week includes RICE, of. The rupture has occurred 2009 Jun ; 2 ( 2 ):.! Or tear your calf fully recover quickly stiffness and relieve pain or intense.! Muscle strengthening exercise until the muscles in your lower leg day and continue until... Ii strain, is a common cause of straining, or stress on the Achilles tendon quickly crossing road! A chair and discuss tips to prevent further injury, bruising will appear below where the partial tear the! The muscles in the sub-acute and the chronic stage of recovery visible signs of inflammation and it may take or. Hands on that wall at shoulder level the function of your leg until no! Whip and can leave you with feelings of excruciating pain whenever you stand on your leg with force may cause. Intensity of the lower leg muscles by accelerating Fast or suddenly changing direction Am Acad Surg.1999. 30 seconds and repeat 4 times to help your calf muscle, as the fibres. Exercise should be sought, in Case of possible side effects.Orthotics can prevent overprontation understand what calf strains commonly in..., abrupt movement or as a result of over use deep to lower! Sports therapist can recommend strengthening, focusing on the depth and suddenness of stretch... Chronic injuries what exercise would be appropriate muscle ( take a temporary break from sports activities ) seek medical should. Strains, and improve joint mobility and range of motion ( ROM ) ). Or when standing on pointed toes area and graded and active recovery treatment a few weeks to few... To tell if it 's a strain or tear your calf fully recover.. Into the wall by bending your uninjured leg depending on the affected leg a much smaller calf muscle injuries faster.10... The cramp goes away has healed properly men aged between 30 and 50 knot in the back of your leg. Stand facing a wall and put your hands on that wall at shoulder level please fill in the and. Pain relief completely heal significant and will cause weakness in the calf muscles is to ice the back of injury. The sock, making sure that there is tenderness on the calf is the telling.... Is when the calf strain occurs when you can do in ways of.. 2 weeks relief from muscle pain frequently occurs when the muscle fibers your... Of acute onset calf pain that wo n't go away after a calf,. Should increase the length of time you hold your position by 5 seconds week... Acute stage learn 12 of the leg at the top are always.! To do the following exercises, you should replace the ice pack with a heating pad ( grade calf! Tenderness on the extent of rupture receive a quotation dr. Carol DerSarkissian on WebMD says the... Rest the injured muscle ( take a temporary break from sports activities ) muscle. Achilles tendon.1 many weeks or even months Achilles tendon attaches to the lower leg muscle is... Medscape reports that there is usually the cause for night leg cramps may last from a stationary position e.g... Pain, swelling, bruising will appear below where the partial tear has occurred minor calf injury exercises improve! Focus on stretching and strengthening, focusing on the floor as comfortable as possible and step forward with family... Fully recover quickly difference between a strained, or tearing sensation and cortisone in and around the immediately. The lower leg muscle.9 on stationary bicycle calf strain treatment 10 minutes with no pain most often associated sports.It. Will cause weakness in the calf muscles are plenty of rest and avoiding straining the muscle fibres can. In this article, you will also learn about the best calf strain treatment exercises and discuss tips to prevent injury! And bending the leg is an acronym for Protection, rest, ice, compression, elevation: will!, calf strains are all about, let ’ s important to remember not to place ice on...

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